The history of Prague dates back to the 1st century AC. As a center of Bohemia, formed the heart of all cultural, religious and political events. Therefore, there arose, among others, many churches.
In Prague there are many different types of churches in many different architectural styles. From Romanes rotundas through Gothic and Baroque churches to the churches from the last century. All with varying artistic amenities. We must not forget the ancient synagogues in the Old Town, which is preserved here and are located in the former Jewish Town.
If you want get a comprehensive overview of the history of Europe, Prague with its large number of churches is the ideal place.
The most significant churches in Prague are: Gothic St. Vitus Cathedral at Prague Castle, Baroque St. Nicholas Church at Lesser Town and the baroque St. Nicholas Church together with Týn Church at the Old Town Square.
Among the important Jewish monuments are included the Old New Synagogue, in which were hidden the legendary Golem according to Prague legends.
The most important modern church is especially the Church at the Most Sacred Heart of Our Lord at Jiřího z Poděbrad Square in Prague’s district Vinohrady, which was build by the architect Josiph Plečnik. Another interesting modern church is functionalistic church by Golčár. It is located in Prague Vršovice district.
Because of the large number of churches Prague is called City of a Hundred Spires.